Rules for musicianship

Discussion in 'Trumpet Discussion' started by sdgtpt, Jul 27, 2005.

  1. sdgtpt

    sdgtpt New Friend

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    Dec 3, 2004
    This is a project I am working on for my students.... it is a compliatin of things i have learned from different teachers... credit goes to will strieder, joe dixon, steve warkentin, randy adams, matthew mcinturf, michael sachs etc....

    let me hear your suggestions... i hope to have a finished product in a week





    Musical Guidelines for Practice and Performance Steve Gulledge

    Rules of Musicianship
    A musical phrase is best described as a complete musical thought; or sentence. A phrase can either independently stand on it’s own or it can create sustained interest over time. A performer’s job is to acquire the technical skills on the instrument to effectively communicate the musical idea while not allowing the technique to overshadow the musical result (the music should always sound easily performed).

    Follow the meter
    Identify strong/weak beats within the meter:
    o 4/4 = strong beats 1&3, weak beats 2&4
    o 3/4 = strong beats 1, weak beats 2&3
    o 3/8 = strong beats 1, weak beats 2&3
    o 6/8 = strong beats 1&4 (In 6), 1&2 (In 2)
    Multi-Meter: Organization of the rhythmic pulse will determine strength relationships.

    Follow the shape of the line
    General architecture of phrase construction is ascending or descending lines:
    o Ascending lines: Is the line leading to a particular note within the phrase?
    Is the line relaxing away from previous tension?
    o Descending lines: Is the line leading to a particular note within the phrase?
    Is the line relaxing away from previous tension?
    Use this architecture to guide you through the notes, either moving forward or away from each other.

    Rhythmic Direction
    Functions of consecutive notes:
    o 2 note patterns: 1st note strong, 2nd note weak (unless otherwise noted).
    o 3 note patterns: 1st note strong, 2nd note weak, 3rd note moves to 1st of next group.
    o 4 note patterns: 1st note strong, 2nd note weak, 3rd note strong, 4th moves to 1st of next group.

    Play what is on the page
    Does it say accented? Staccato? Forte? Piano? Crescendo? Diminuendo? Rit? Accel?
    These are some of the ‘absolutes of musicianship’. Use the printed instruction as a point of departure for how to construct your own ideas. Stay as close to the ‘printed road map’ of the piece as you can. If the things you add do not ADD to the music, then it is taking AWAY from it.

    Key Signature/Accidentals/Cadences
    o Allow the function of individual notes to guide you through your construction of a phrase
    o Identify important cadences (measures of resolution (often every 4 bars) depending on tempo of piece).
    o Identify the ‘color notes’ (notes marked with accidentals).
    o Color notes – can create tension or resolution, depending on what happens before or after them.
    o Music will function one of two ways: Either moves towards the next note or comes away from the note previous note. Identify the function and exaggerate it.




    Levels of Listening
    o Perspective from the audience: Is your audience musicians and colleagues or friends and family?
    o Friends and family listen with their hearts, musicians and colleagues listen with their brains.


    Your audience will listen on the following levels: As you practice work to allow your audience to listen at level five.

    Level 1: Aesthetic Quality: Sound.
    Does the sound you produce invite someone to listen to it? Is it clear? Resonant and ringing? Is it free and ‘easy to listen to’?
    If your audience enjoys the first thing they hear (your tone) then they will proceed to listen at the next level.

    Level 2: Notes: Rhythms
    Is your performance free from ‘crunches’? Can you play every note and rhythm with your best sound? Your audience will be able to discern what an ‘ouch’ note is, or what a wrong rhythm might be. These are major distractions that cause your audience to become ‘uncomfortable’, thus taking away from the enjoyment performance. Accomplish these goals in your practice; your audience will thank you.

    Level 3: Dynamics: Style
    Does your performance create interest through contrast? Ex: This was a loud note, this was a soft note, this was a long note, this was a short accented note. If there is a specific musical notation (instructions) the audience should be able to visualize the notation on the page based on your performance.

    Level 4: Phrase Construction: Architecture
    Can you hold your audiences’ attention from one phrase to the next? Is it obvious where the beginning of your musical sentence starts and where it ends? The structure and performance of your phrasing should organize the musical ideas to allow your listener to ‘follow along’. Can the audience understand where the ‘peak’ or climax of the piece is? Is there logic to your musical decisions? Ex: not getting too loud too soon, or getting too soft too soon. Can your audience follow the progression of the piece? Does the beginning feel like the beginning and the end feel like the end?

    Level 5: Emotional: Artistic
    Can your audience sit back and enjoy the performance? Can your audience listen comfortably and relaxed? Does your audience fall in love with the PERSON as well as the music?












    Levels of Performance
    o You are your most critical listener
    o Play to satisfy yourself
    o Most invested physically and mentally
    o Can’t be an audience member AND performer at same time
    o Representing yourself as a person and performer


    Level 1: Aesthetic Quality: Sound
    Do you make your best sound?

    Level 2: Notes: Rhythms
    Do you play every right note and rhythm with that sound?

    Level 3: Dynamics: Style
    Do you play what is on the page? Dynamics, Style, Articulations, Tempo Changes

    Level 4: Phrase Construction: Architecture
    Do you have complete musical thoughts? Is there a connection between musical ideas? Do you convey the musical idea (exciting, mysterious, happy, sad)? Do you lead to the most important note and then come away from it? Musical interest is created by “tension – and – releaseâ€. Notes are not casual ‘sounds’, they have independent functions and those functions are to create tension – and – release within the structure of a phrase.

    Level 5: Emotional: Artistic
    Are you convinced in what you are trying to convey musically? Are you convinced “this is how the iece should be performed� Are you offering your personality through the instrument? Do you tell your story?
     
  2. Bear

    Bear Forte User

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    Apr 30, 2004
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    Will Strieder eh? Who are you? Willie is my teacher... sort of... lol. Good luck with your project and all.

    4 rules for STP (shaping the phrase = musicianship)

    1. Meter
    2. Follow the line
    3. Rhythmics
    4. What's on the page

    plus, Phil's (Phil smith) big 4
    1. Good Sound/Intonation
    2. Musical Imagination
    3. Rhythmical understanding and integrity
    4. Desire to Technically control one's own instrument
     
  3. Bugler997

    Bugler997 Pianissimo User

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    Mar 22, 2005
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    A of of people go out there thinking that their audience is a bunch of morons who don't expect much, and they'll prove them wrong by playing well.

    My instructor told me (and I'm NOT following it) to "look at the exit sign, do your own thing, [and ignore the audience]." or something along the lines of that.

    I still believe I should love my audience, because they are the reason I'm employed, and they also have excellent taste. Well, they ARE listening to *me*.
     
  4. sdgtpt

    sdgtpt New Friend

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    Dec 3, 2004
    Will S. has had a huge influence on me...

    I have only played for him a handful of times but his ease and honesty are great... and when he plays.... well... game over.
     
  5. Bear

    Bear Forte User

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    Apr 30, 2004
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    That's awesome. He's a good guy. Easily THE BEST assistant principal to anywhere. I have learned soo much from the man.
     
  6. tpter1

    tpter1 Forte User

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    Sdg- Fantastic. Is this going to become a self-assessment tool for your students? Sounds like something I would like to use with my HS kids in that capacity.
     
  7. sdgtpt

    sdgtpt New Friend

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    Dec 3, 2004
    Use it however you'd like
     

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