Well after I scrubed the snot out of it the valves actualy turned out preety good. They do have some worn spots but the are still sealing well. What I thought was scratch's turned out to be lots of dried streaked gumy valve oil mixed with atic dust. So the valves are smoth and fast if anything they would only need to be plated back to spec as they are true and still sealing well so I am not going make that a priority at all. All the slides fit insanely tight except for the No.2 slide. So I think I just need to expand the brass inner tubes a bit and it will be as tight as ever. It has extremly long slides with some tight single radius round crooks every where. Oh the water key that right their is only one and it is on the main tuneing slide needs a new spring. The piston's are bottom sprung and are solid they are not light weight and hollow like so many modern trumpet's. The caps and buttons are fine in fact the top caps are recessed with felts under the buttons and go deep into the tops when depressed. Some nuckley head though took pliers and did not protect the stems when they where takeing it apart at some point in it's 63 years of use so their are some gouges on the stem's. I am going to try and file and penn the gouges down but I might get different stems and bottom cap's to dress it up a bit. The top cap's and buttons rock just the way they are. So after I got it scrubed and polished my oldest boy was beggingme to play it!!! So I put some scotch tape over the water key and let him play it. Lucky we have plenty of mouth pieces becasue his Yamaha 14B4 did not sound that good on it. My old Old's #3 sounded the best but I need to get the rim fixed it has some nick's that make you lips sore. It came with one ofmy trumpet's already beat up. So he tried my vintage Reynolds 7A and that sounds almost as nice as the Old's #3. That trumpet and him are like a match set they sound really big together. It is a pea shooter and has a the smallest bore on the bellcrook that I have ever seen on a trumpet yet it does not sound stuffy at all. In fact it sounds absolutely beautiful. It has a very clean pure sound. It is right in between how we like a modern lead trumpet to sound and how an old Holton Clarke Cornet would sound. In fact it is a little on the sweet side but not so much that you would think it was a cornet. It really suprisedme how well this thing projected and how clean and centered or focused the sound was. I am thinking that it blows as easy as it does because every single tuneing slide and bell crook is single radius round. The valves have some of the largest holes I have seen on a valve. The valves are also really large for a trumpet valve by modern standards. It played very effortlessly for my son..... So he begged and pleaded and now it is his. It only cost me $26. The silver cleaned up nicely every place but around the top of the valve engine. Since this trumpet does not have first valve sadle or trigger adn no third valve trigger or ring and really is not designed to accomadate them it will have to be replaced sooner rather then later as he progress's but for now he is digging it. I am probably going to try Binak I have laying around her some place on these valves just to play it safe or I might get some Hetmeans unless UltraPure has a thicker oil. Since they are sight sponsor's I will try Ultrapure first and see if they make something like the origanal Hetman's oil. Right now I am useing Holton valve oil on which is thicker then most petro-valve oils.I just to make sure he does nto have any problems. I tried it out and they felt really smoth to me but I want to air onthe side of caution!