Here's a simple way to increase endurance, develop tone and musical playing, all at the same time.
1. get your Arban's book out
2. turn to page 191 (or close to that) for the 150 Classic and Popular Melodies section
3. the first time through all of the melodies you are only going to play 4 measures at a time (or until the first place you can take a breath). Then you're going to rest for that same amount of time, sing the phrase back as musically as you can, actually sing it and get the air flowing out of you, just like you were playing it.
Then play the next four bar phrase, rest for the same amount of time as it took you to play it by singing it, then continue like this to the end of the song.
Now sing through the entire song with no rests, you can finger your valves while you sing.
You have just rested as much as you have played and you have rested again by singing the whole song through while fingering the notes.
Be sure to play with the most beautiful tone you can play, focus on your air support and the flow of continuous air through the phrases, and also follow the dynamic markings and articulations that are written.
Then go to the second song on the page and do the same as above.
Then play the next song on the page and do the same as above.
Play one full page like this, there are usually 3 or 4 songs per page.
So on the first day, play page 191 like this. If your chops ever feel like they are folding, you are done for the day of playing these. If your tone becomes weak or fuzzy, you are done for the day of playing these. The idea is that you should actually feel fresh at the end of this endurance building, if not then you are playing to long of a phase and not resting enough during your practice session.
On day two... start with page 191 as above, rest five minutes then do page 192 as above.
On day three... start with page 192 as above, rest five minutes then do page 193 as above.
On day four, start with page 193 as above, rest five minutes then do page 194 as above.
And so on each day (two page per day, staggered like I've mentioned) until you've played all of the 150 songs. If any of them are too difficult to just read and play musically, repeat those pages for a few days until you can play them easily before moving ahead.
Once you get through all 150 songs, go back to page 191 and now play 8 bar phrases, rest 8 bars, sing the whole song, play the next song in 8 bar phrases, rest 8 bars, sing the whole song, etc. ... then the 2nd day do two pages like this and follow the 2 page pattern as stated above.
After you get through all 150 playing 8 bar phrases, most likely will be able to play the complete song this time around, if not then practice 12 bar or 16 bar phrases as you do all 150, two pages per day, like above.
Once you can do the complete song, then rest for the same amount of the song, and do the next song... two staggered pages per day.
After this begin transposing the songs up one whole step, using the patterns above, two pages a day.
Then transpose all up a major third.
Then transpose all up a perfect fourth.
Then transpose all up a perfect fifth.
Then transpose all up an octave, with plenty of rest between phrases.
If at any time you lack good tone, or feel your chops folding.... this means you need to play shorter phrases and rest longer.
All of this takes discipline, but the payoff will be more endurance, more tone, more musicality, more range, and more enjoyment in playing the trumpet.
Remember... focus on tone, musicality, and air flow.
Give it a try, it works!
MPH Music - Mark Hendricks - MPHmusic.com