One avoids it like the plague until one reaches a level where one knows how and when to use it.
Buescher Lightweight 400
Other Buescher horns 1939--1955
Al Cass 1-28 mouthpiece
Humes and Berg mutes
To me it's a natural part of expression while playing. There are times when to use it and times when you shouldn't - just pay attention and you'll figure it out.
"What we do in life echoes in eternity"
"At my signal, unleash hell."
- Maximus Decimus Meridius
Bach Strad. 37
Early Chicago C Model Monette
There are 2 ways I use; one with the right hand with slow movements of the hand forward and backwards (looks cool in a solo), and then by using the lips (more supple and less obvious. They both sound the same, but the hand vibrato can be used quite more vigourously than the lips. When to use: When written into the score, or as you require for the feel. Too much vibrato, too often can be annoying. Use it wisely, and practice both techniques.
Why do I like a bell that Points UP ?
- because the spit does not run back into my mouth!
Think of vibrato like a spice in cooking: too much will ruin the effect. I prefer the jaw vibrato over the hand vibrato because it affects the amplitude rather than the frequency of the pitch (at least when I do it).
As for learning vibrato, sax players have this weird tradition where they will play long tones and add a slow vibrato, speeding it up and slowing back down. It works for trumpet too, but we have the advantage of sounding way cooler than sax with or without vibrato.
"A tool good enough to be so used and not too good"C.S. Lewis That Hideous Strength
To see how hand vibrato is used, watch Doc Severensen.
To see how lip vibrato is used, watch Wynton Marsalis.
Nothing is worse than someone who sings with excessive vibrato, all the time. All vibrato, all the time.
So, with the trumpet, I think the best approach is subtlety. But I certainly wouldn't wait to use (like some suggest here). If you're thinking about it, you're ready to use it. Absolutely vibratoless trumpet playing, all the time, sounds lifeless IMO. But it needs to be used with taste.
Trumpets are for extroverts - Lee Morgan
Hand, lip or jaw vibrato - there are pros and cons to each. Some are more appropriate in certain situations than others. Regardless of the method, the trick is to know how to turn it off.
Often vibrato is used to warm the sound; to make it more expressive. More often vibrato is used to cover up some sort of fundamental flaw in your sound.
A little makeup makes a pretty girl beautiful. But all the makeup in the world can't fix ugly.
1940 Martin Handcraft Cornet
1946 Martin Committee Trumpet
1947 Martin Committee Cornet
Early 70's Yamaha Flugel s/n 000xxx
Selmer Piccolo (a side ONLY)
But all the makeup in the world can't fix ugly.
True, but a lot of beer and closing time can buffer that.
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